“From Catherine Row, Cardigan to Cardiff City Hall”
John Ferrier left Catherine Row, Cardigan as a 13 year old in 1856. His father, also John, was a master mariner. John (jr.) began his Cardiff career in the offices of Messrs. George Insole and son. He migrated to the firm of Burnyeat, Brown and Co. – one of the most prosperous in the Welsh Coal Industry. He became general manager by 1873, and later managing director. Associated with the firm of Messrs. Watts, Watts and Co, (Ltd) and the United National Collieries (Ltd) they owned the Insoles-Merthyr pits and the Ynysddu collieries in the Sirhowi Valley, which together had an output of one and a half million tons of coal per annum.
J. B. Ferrier took a prominent part in Cardiff Chamber of Commerce: vice-president in 1886, 1893; president in 1894 and again vice-president in 1897. He was one of the most energetic promoters of the Cardiff Exhibition of 1896. Mr Ferrier frequently appeared before Parliamentary Committees as a witness in connection with the railways of the coalfield.
He also found time to devote his services to the Cardiff Infirmary, and was a member of the management committee for many years.
At one time he was a director of the Newport-Abercarn Steam Coal Company (Ltd) and the Stranaghan and Stephens’ Stores (Ltd) but resigned these owing to the increasing calls in his own company. He was also a director of John Williams and Son (Ltd).
From 1896 he was a vice-president of the Liberal Unionist Association and was an ardent Tariff Reformer. He retired in 1910, and died in a nursing home in Llandrindod Wells. He was cremated at Liverpool crematorium.
Information from the Evening Express 29 Sept., 1910
Something a little different this time:
Cardigan? Hasn’t changed a bit.
A quick glance at John Speed’s 1610 map of Cardigan confirms that the basic layout of the High Street and principal side streets of the town have not changed in over four hundred years. However, consideration as to the usefulness of various buildings have ensured that changes have occurred over the decades…
Follow the link to read the rest:
Posted on 3 July 2020 by Archifdy Ceredigion Archives
A guest blog by William Howells, the former County Librarian and a native of Cardigan.
A note in Bethania Chapel Minutes first brought Owen Roberts to my attention. Under a list of deaths for 1905 is the following:
Owen Roberts, Feidrfair. Hwyliodd o China i Vladivostock Hydref 1904. Ni chlywyd dim oddi wrthynt drachefn yn yr SS Claverdale. [He sailed from China to Vladivostock in October 1904. Nothing more was heard of them in the SS Claverdale]
A bit of Googling revealed a few interesting items.
Under the heading ‘Fate of the Claverdale’ the Evening Express published the following account on 31 January 1905:
A boat belonging to the overdue British steamer Claverdale has been picked up and taken to Fukuyajna. None of the crew was on board. The Claverdale left Barry on September 1 for Manila, with a cargo of between 5,000 and 6,000 tons of coal on Russian account. On October 29 she was reported at Sabang, and on November 23 left Hong Kong for Vladivostok. Nothing has been heard of her since, and it is presumed that in running the blockade she kept in too close to the land and struck a sunken rock. Captain Thomas, the master of the Claverdale, is a native of Cardigan, and is well known in Cardiff shipping circles.
The Claverdale was the pioneer ship of the Claverdale Steamship Company (Limited), owned by Messrs. E. Hazelhurst and Co., who claimed that this is the first vessel they had lost. She was built in 1899 by Messrs. Graig, Taylor, and Co., of Stockton-on-Tees, is 330 feet long, with a 45 feet beam, and a draught of 18 feet, while her engines registered a nominal horse-power of 278.
By 09 September 1905 the Cardiff Times reported that a Vladivostok telegram dated August 31st stated that a steamer stranded north of Olga was reported to be the missing British s.s. Claverdale, bound from Cardiff to Vladivostok via Hong Kong.
But further inquiries found that the rumour was not true and the reporter on the Cardiff Times was not happy:
This is the second time that such a report has been cabled home from Vladivostok respecting the same ship, and it is unfortunate that the authorities do not make an effort to secure the name of the stranded vessel before telegraphing to England.
The mystery of the missing ship seemed to have been solved by November 1905, according to a report in the County Echo, quoting the Daily Chronicle:
Dispatches received in London reveal for the first time the identity of the wreck which has frequently been sighted to the south of Vladivostok, near the mouth of the Tandse River. The vessel turns out to be the British steamer Claverdale, which left a Chinese port last November with a full cargo of coal for the Russian cruisers at Vladivostok, and which has not since been heard of. As the result of a visit paid to the stranded steamer, it has been ascertained that the vessel has been pillaged by the natives in the neighbourhood, and every article of value taken away. The inhabitants residing in the vicinity, who were interrogated, declared that the crew of the Claverdale’ were removed shortly after the wreck by two boats presumed to be Japanese.
But the missing crew remained missing : Neither owners nor relatives, however, have heard from any of the men. By November 1905 the headline in the Weekly Mail suggested that worse was to come.
WRECK OF THE CLAVERDALE: SUPPOSED MURDER OF MEMBERS OF THE CREW.
The crew who are supposed to have been killed on the Manchuria coast, where the ship was wrecked, included:
H. H. Thomas, Cardigan, commander;
D. Llewellyn, St. Dogmaels, mate
James Reed, Swansea, second mate
D. Jones, Cardiff, carpenter
J. S Campbell, Sunderland, steward
Owen Roberts, Cardigan, cook
Watkin Evans, second steward
John Waddle, boatswain
A. Tripolis, A.B. seaman
R. Thomas, Liverpool, A.B. seaman
G. Marromatic, A.B. seaman
Frederick Cooper, Sunderland, chief engineer
Frederick Walker, second engineer
James Beadle, Sunderland, third engineer
Cornelius Gray, Sunderland, fourth engineer
Carl Lundin (of Sweden), donkeyman
Richard McGuire, Bootle, fireman
B. Mynes, Brumiskin, fireman
W. Flagg, fireman
Gus Langer, fireman
R. J. Jones, fireman
S. Ostovski, fireman
W. Howrie, apprentice
G. B. McLaren, apprentice
Reginald Turner, North-street, Lewes, apprentice
G. A. Saunders, Kingston-road, Portsmouth, apprentice
In addition to these, two other hands, names and nationalities unknown, were taken on to Hong Kong. These were possibly Chinese.
It was claimed that the ship had been boarded by Manchurian pirates and the crew thrown overboard.
In March 1906 the Cardiff Times reported on the proceedings of the Probate Court where the captain named as Edward Evan Thomas, Llangoedmore was presumed dead:
The vessel was found 450 miles north of Vladivostok ashore in the Gull of Tartary deserted, with her decks dismantled. In February, 1905, a boat belonging to the ship was found, and in May the ship was posted at Lloyd’s as a total loss. Eventually the vessel was discovered a total wreck, and only about 300 or 400 tons of cargo remained. The master and crew had disappeared. Captain Thomas left about £1,400. His Lordship granted leave to presume the death of Mr Thomas accordingly.
After all this we’re none the wiser, I’m afraid, as to what actually happened but suffice to say these brave local sailors probably came to a watery end: H. H. Thomas, Cardigan, D. Llewellyn, St. Dogmaels, and Owen Roberts, Cardigan, the cook from Feidrfair.
If a photograph exists of any of these gentlemen I would be pleased to add a copy here.
William J. Morgan (1902–80)
Headmaster of the Cardigan Junior School, 1931–1968. Previously schoolmaster at Ferwig Primary school. Town councillor, 1937–1952. Mayor in 1942, alderman in 1949. Appointed deacon at Bethania Chapel in 1937.
Richard Fugle [d.1945?], Arthur Davies, Mr. ?Sneade
Richard Fugle and Arthur Davies’ s names appear on the town Cenotaph. [More to come…]
Mrs Gwladys Llewelyn, Dolwerdd (1886–1977)
wife of Thomas Llewelyn, Dolwerdd, chemist, High St.
Goronwy Moelwyn-Hughes was born in Priory St* on 6 October 1897 the eldest son of the Revd J. G. Moelwyn-Hughes (1866–1944) who was the minister at Tabernacle Chapel. He attended the local schools before heading for UCW Aberystwyth. During WW1 he served with the West Yorkshire regiment, was wounded , transferred to the Royal Flying Corps and served as a pilot (1917–19). He then returned to Aberystwyth, graduated as BA, entered Downing College, Cambridge where he obtained first-class honours in the law tripos. He was called to the bar in 1922. He fought two unsuccessful general elections for the Liberals in the Rhondda in Nov 1934 and Cardiganshire in 1935. He was the elected unopposed at a by-election in Carmarthen in March 1941, a seat he held until 1945. He was then returned as Labour MP for North Islington in 1950 but retired due to ill health in 1951.
He was appointed as a commissioner for inquiry on to the Burnden Park, Bolton football disaster in 1946, when 33 spectators were crushed by the pressure of numbers. He recommended that football grounds be made subject to safety licensing.
*[Llwyn Onn according to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, but according to 1901 Census Finch’s Sq. The family were living at Glasynys, Priory St. in 1911 (census)]
He frequently returned to Cardigan to visit his parents. Here is an interesting (silent) film he made of his visit in 1933.
Born at Cardigan 21 May 1847, to William Thomas Lewis (formerly of Trefgarn, Pembrokeshire) and Jane (Mansel Bevan) his wife. William Thomas (the father) was a tailor and draper at no. 9 High St. William B. was the third of 5 children.
He was educated at Cardigan and then Guy’s hospital in London. He obtained his MRCS, LRCP and LSA in 1868. He practised medicine at Burry Port for four years, and then joined the staff of the West Riding Asylum at Wakefield, where he remained for thirty-five years, eventually becoming its medical director. For twenty-five years, too, he was connected with what has now become the University of Leeds, and latterly was professor of mental diseases there.
According to Sir James Crichton-Brown, writing in the British Medical Journal after his death in 1929:
“Dr William Bevan-Lewis was one of the most diligent and productive of labourers in the field of medical psychology in this country during the last quarter of the last century and the first decade of [20th c.]
“After completing his studies at Guy’s Hospital… he became assistant medical officer at the Buckingham County Asylum… “ but after 2 yrs returned to Cardigan to begin private practice. “He soon found that his occupation in a mountainous district of Wales (sic!) was uncongenial, and left him no opportunity for the research work in which he earnestly desired to engage”
[At least he didn’t say he came from the Valleys!]
He began work at the West Riding Asylum in 1875.
He was the author of a number of text-books and publications on mental disease, including:
- Human Brain, Histological and coarse methods of research (1882)
- Textbook of the Mental Diseases with special reference to the pathological aspects of insanity (1889)
- and the section devoted to the general pathology of the nervous system in Allbutt’s System of Medicine.
Some of these books are in print and available to buy on Amazon…
Bevan-Lewis received the honorary M.Sc. degree of the University of Leeds in 1905, and was president of the Medico-Psychological Association in the same year.
The value of his work has been fully appreciated by his own specialty at home and abroad, and has been widely recognized by the profession at large. One of the gentlest and most unobtrusive of men in an age when notoriety is the universal quest, Bevan-Lewis persistently kept himself in the background.
He died on 14 October 1929, at the age of 82 years.
When you walk pass no. 9 High St. remember Dr Bevan-Lewis.
Maybe it’s time for a blue plaque!
18826 Memoirs of a P.O.W. during the years 1940–45, Edward Vernon Mathias.
Available to download on to your Kindle
Only £3.06 to download. All proceeds to be donated to the British Legion Organisation.
Before the war Vernon Mathias (Mr Mathias, Bon Marche) worked at John Lewis, Oxford Street in London. At the beginning of WW2 he joined the Queen Victoria Rifles Regiment. By May 1940 he was on his way to France. He saw action in and around Calais, was wounded and was captured. There followed a 5 year term of imprisonment at several camps eventually ending up in a POW camp in Poland. His detailed and honest account describes daily life in a POW, the hardships and hopes for a better future back in Cardigan.
“We moved off stumbling over the railway lines, a stinking, dirty and dishevelled mob…”
“the Red Cross food parcel was the one thing that we looked forward to…”
“Physically I lost weight in a rapid an alarming manner and the side effects were weakness, an outbreak of skin sores, loss of some teeth and worst of all, one’s weakness encouraged the infestation of body lice which practically made life unbearable”
In the camp he meets up with another Cardigan boy – Jack Griffiths!
Autumn stretches out to winter: “The river Vestula froze to a great depth…”
“The frosty nights were marvellous and I would look at the stars and imagine Nan (later his wife) also looking at the same stars…”
He is then moved to Heydebreck. 1941 …1942… and 1943 beckons and life was hard – digging trenches while air raids were common especially throughout the summer of 1942. Then arrived a new medical officer – a Capt. James, originally from New Quay… (He died in 1981). There follows a failed attempt to escape from the camp… but leading only to (eventually three periods) of solitary confinement “ the room was roughly 6ft by 10ft…”
“1943 gradually came to a close and Christmas was here again…”
“whilst we POWs grumbled over our lot, it was as nothing compared to what the Jews suffered…”
22 January 1945 the march to freedom began, fleeing the Russian advance. After weeks of marching he eventually reached Burgermeistr, Bavaria.
“We flew home via Holland…when I arrived in Carmarthen railway station there was a taxi waiting for me. It took me the last 30 miles to Cardigan arriving in the evening where quite a few people were waiting to welcome me. My sister and my parents were waiting at the front door.”
“My journey was over” and it was time to look to the future.
A fascinating account of what life was like as a prisoner of war.
Dr James Mathias Phillips M.D., M.R.C.S., L.S.A. (1839–1903)
Native of St Dogmaels. In 1870 he was surgeon to Morfa Colliery, Margam. Returned to Cardigan during the 1880s. Lived and worked from 10 Priory St. Mayor in 1882. By 1901 he was living in Bank House, 6 High St. Baptist, member at Blaenwaun, Buried at Blaenwaun. His son Llewellyn Caractacus Powell Phillips was also a doctor (see below).
Dr Llewellyn Caractacus Powell Phillips M.A., M.D., F.R.C.P., F.R.C.S. (1871–1927):
|This is what the British Medical Journal has to say about him:|
He was born at Taibach, Glam. on July 28th 1871. In 1881 he was living in 10 Priory St. From Epsom College he went to Caius College, Cambridge, in 1889, obtaining first-class honours in Part I of the Natural Science Tripos of 1892, and then entered as a student at St Bartholomew’s Hospital. He qualified as MRCS, LRCP, in 1894, took the MB and B.Ch Camb degrees, in 1895, and in 1897 obtained diploma of FRCS Eng. In 1903 he proceeded MD and obtained MRCP and in 1909 elected Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of London. He practised for a while at Cardigan. (c.1898)
His career in Egypt began when he was appointed resident surgical officer of the Kasr-el-Aini Hospital Cairo. Elected Professor of Medicine in the Royal School of Medicine, Cairo. During WW1 he held a temporary commission as lieutenant-colonel RAMC, and commanded the British Red Cross Hospital at Giza; he was mentioned four times in dispatches. From 1914 to 1917 he held the appointment of physician to H.H. la Hussein Kamel, Sultan of Egypt, and for his services was made a member of the Orders of the Nile and of the Medjidie.
He made a remarkable collection of old Arab glass weights and coins, and died at his house in Cairo in January, 1927.
He contributed articles on tropical medicine to various medical journals including: “Phlebotomus Fever” in Bryan and Archibald’s Practice of Medicine in the Tropics, v Amoebiasis and the Dysenteries, 8vo, London, 1915.
There is a plaque in memory of this gentleman in St Mary’s Church:
Ada Ince Williams (1856–22.09.1923)
Native of Haverfordwest. Lived in Northgate Terrace. Wife of Captain Thomas Howell Williams.
David J. P. Richards: ‘One of Wales’ premier distance walkers of his generation‘
David J. P. Richards, son of Capt David & Annie Ida, Kelvin, St Mary’s Terrace. His brother George Ivor Milton Phillips was killed on 26.03.1917 at the First Battle of Gaza [David Griffiths, Cenotaph, p. 92]
Member of Newport Harriers. Holder of the Welsh 2-mile walk title [South Wales Argus] and 15-mile walk title for 3 yrs in succession in 2h 5m 8sec. A Welsh record for the distance. [CTA 19.8.38].
As a 42 yr old he won the Monmouth open road walk of 14 miles in 2h 6m 2sec. – only 15 sec outside the record of W S Woode in 1936. [CTA 17.6.1938]. Any Photos survive?
Dr Selby Clare (7.08.1880–11.11.1942)
Graystone, Priory St.
Arthur Morris (1908–1937)
Cardigan Man Dies Fighting for Spanish Government
Arthur David Morris grew up at Claverley, 2 Gordon Terrace, the son of Arthur Owen and Martha Jane (nee Wigley) and worked as an apprentice at James’ ironmongery at Pendre. In 1929, at the age of 21, he emigrated to Canada. He served in the army for two and half years before he eventually settled in Blairmore, Alberta, where he worked as a miner. He joined the Communist Party of Canada in 1933.
Arthur Morris left Canada in 1936 to enrol in the International Lenin School in Moscow. After the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War the students of the Lenin School departed for Spain, and Arthur made his own way across Europe sending postcards home from Warsaw, Paris and Perpignan. He crossed into Spain and joined the American contingent who were forming the Abraham Lincoln battalion at Albacete, midway between Madrid and Valencia.
The battle that raged in the Jarama Valley to the south of Madrid in February 1937 was one of the most ferocious of the war with the Fascists deploying German artillery.
In February 1937, at the age of 29 Arthur Morris met his death in the olive groves of the Jarama Valley, south of Madrid.
In May 1937 news of Arthur’s death finally reached his mother and made front page headlines of the Tivyside Advertiser, competing for space with the Coronation; ‘Killed in Spain –Cardigan Man Dies Fighting for Spanish Government’. His mother described him as a “beautiful boy, always fighting for what he thought to be right”.
Henry Harries Evans (1872–14.05.1916, aged 45 yrs.)
A native of Solva, he moved to Cardigan when he was 20 years old. He was a bootmaker by trade. His workshop was in 8 St. Mary’s St. He was an excellent music teacher and conducted the Cardigan Choral Society for many years. He was also an accomplished artist in oil and watercolour. He composed a number of hymn-tunes for the local Singing Festivals e.g. Ar ei ben bo’r goron (1913); Cyfaill plant bychain (1909); Dewi (1914); Felinganol (1913); Induna (1913); Strathmore (1915); Ynys Dewi (1914). He disagreed with the decision to postpone the 1915 Cymanfa Ganu and strangely was buried on the very day that it was originally arranged to be held.
Ivor Rees (1935–84)
A native of St Dogmaels. Lived in Charlton House, North Rd. Local postman, and a keen sportsman – golf, snooker, football, and cross-country running. He played left back and was captain for Cardigan Town FC during its most successful period.
Charles Alfred William Mason (1900–82)
Born in Westminster. Fought with the 13th Royal Fusiliers during WW1. Joined the staff of the British Museum in 1922. Moved to Cardigan in 1956 with his wife Frances. They kept a second-hand bookshop at the Royal Oak, 1 Quay St.
Frederick David Lewis (d. Jan. 1983)
A native of Llandrindod Wells. Came to Cardigan in 1929. Amateur actor, Town Councillor, and mayor in 1952–3. A keen fisherman he kept a fishing tackle shop in Pendre. Accomplished golfer and excellent billiard player.
Willie Morgan, Adelphi (1904–87)
Confectioner and cafe at Adelphi, Pendre in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Sunday school teacher at Bethania Chapel.
Daniel Morris, Llwynpiod (14.08.1876–1953)
Dairy farmer. Keen agricultural showman and judge.
Revd T. J. Morris, Capel Mair (10.02.1846–13.12.1908)
A native of Llanelli. Entered Carmarthen College in 1867. Ordained in Saron, Llangeler in 1871. Began his ministry in Capel Mair in June 1876, with a membership of 327. The chapel developed as a cultural and social centre traditionally associated with late 19c nonconformity. A vestry was built in 1885. He married Elizabeth, the daughter of James and Elizabeth Herring in 1876. James Herring was the son of Revd John Herring, Bethania (1811–32).
William A. Jenkins, Mercantile. (d.02.02.1982)
Managing director of the Cardigan Mercantile Company. Town councillor. Mayor in 1966.
John Evans (1838–1903) (left)
Born on the Netpool. Boot and shoemaker in Pendre. Baptised 31.07.1892 by Revd John Williams, Bethania. He was a brother to Thomas (Telynog).
Hannah Trollip (d. 14.01.1873, aged 37 years)
Wife of Jacob , a baker in High St. [Volks]; After her death he married Julia (d. 05.12.1877) and then married Letitia, who survived him.
John Evans, headmaster of the Board School (b. c.1865)
Native of Llanllawddog. Mayor in 1926–7 and 1940–1
Griffith John James, Finch Square (1869–18.09.1980)
Confectioner, treasurer at Bethania Chapel. Manufacturer of the finest ice-cream outside Italy!
J. Stephen Hughes (rtd. as Manager of Lloyds Bank 30.06.1938)
Brought up in Blaenffos. Member of St Mary’s; secretary of the Parochial Church Council. Retired to Gwalia Hall, Cilgerran. Treasurer to a number of local clubs and societies, including the Golf Club, Tivy-side Hunt, Fat Stock Show and many more.
John Henry Johns (17.09.1897–26.0.1982)
Relieving Officer. Lived at Palmyra, Feidrfair, later in Napier St. Possessed a rich singing voice. Precentor at Bethania Chapel.
James Thomas ‘Jim Commercial’ (b. 30.06.1879)
Licensee of the Commercial, Pendre for many years. Town Councillor, mayor in 1953.
Mrs James Thomas
Wife of James, licensee of the Commercial, Pendre.
Leonard V. D. Owen (1888–1952)
Born in Lion Terrace. Professor of History at Nottingham University. He was educated at Llandovery School and Keeble College Oxford, where he gained a first class honours degree in Modern History in 1911. Won the Stanhope Prize at Oxford. During the First World War, he served as captain in the 5th Battalion of the Oxford and Bucks Light infantry. He lectured at Bangor and Sheffield University before joining University College Nottingham in 1920 to become Professor of History. He was honorary president of University College’s History Society, a member of the Council of the Pipe Roll Society and a member of the Lincoln Record Society. Retired from the University of Nottingham in 1951. He had an interest in local history, was joint editor of the Thoroton Society of Notts, and wrote articles on a number of the manuscript sources. His published monographs include ‘The connection between England and Burgundy during the first half of the fifteenth century’ (1909). ‘England and the Low Countries 1405-1413’ in English Historical Review (1913). With R.L. Archer and A.E. Chapman, ‘The teaching of history in elementary schools’ (1916).
His brother David died during WWI and his name appears on the town Cenotaph.
Revd Griffith Thomas (d.20.05.1876)
Native of Llantood. Vicar of Cardigan.
Elizabeth Tattersall (d.11.07.1933, aged 76 yrs.)
Teacher at the Secondary School.
Margaret Skinner (d. Nov. 1911)
Ran the Sailor’s Home, 4 Pendre with her husband Richard Leonard. Member of Tabernacl (MC)
Dr Dan Rees, headmaster (d. 1938)
A native of Llandysul, he was educated at Gwilym Marles School, and William James school, Llandysul. Unitarian; Carmarthen Presbyterian College under Principal Evans; Aberystwyth College for 1 year where BA degree 1st divis (London). London Univ MA Classics. Oxford – awarded Hibbert Scholarship which he carried to Berlin and Leipsig, where he took his Doctorate in Philosophy and Celtic. Finally he went to Paris where he studied for six months at the Sorbonne. Appointed in 1897–1932; Married Elizabeth M Davies eldest daughter of Rev John Davies, Shrewsbury and had 1 son. Headmaster of Cardigan County School for 36 years. After his retirement he moved to Hastings. He had been unwell for some time, and on medical advice decided to take a holiday in Sicily. Whilst on the train at Lyon, in France he passed away. His wife was with him at the time. His remains were cremated in France.
‘Dr Dan Rees was not in the roll of common men. There was a distinction about hm which could not but impress all with whom he came in contact. He had that elusive thing called personality…
The schoolroom was his dukedom and here he wielded a daily influence the value of which it is impossible to estimate.’ editorial CTA 11.3.1938
William Roberts (1862–1912), author of the hymn-tune Bryngogarth
Born on 1 Oct. 1862 at 21 Castle St. Of frail physique; apprenticed as a carpenter but later a shop-keeper at the top of Bridge St. Learnt the rudiments of music from Benjamin Lewis, Blaenannerch. Violinist and harpist. Composed many hymn tunes for children. Died at age of 50. Buried at Blaenffos. Composed the famous hymn-tune Bryngogarth, named after the house of his minister Revd John Williams, Bethania, in Napier St.
David Morgan Palmer, headmaster (d. 17 May 1917, aged 84 yrs.)
A native of Llanfallteg. ‘For many years ran the Collegiate School very successfully, and afterwards became for a brief period headmaster of the newly started Intermediate School.’ J W James
David John Parry, Netpool (1907–1976)
Clerk at the local Ministry of Labour in Pendre.
John Young (1816–3.12.1887) and Hannah, his wife (b. 1814)
A native of Ferwig. Bootmaker working in William St. Member of Bethania. Eldest son was Samuel (below).
Samuel Young (1851–19.02.1928)
Son of John and Hannah (above). Married 1) Ellen Griffiths in 1878, and 2) Minnie Ridgeway in 1908. Graduated from Oxford. Maltster at Pendre. Lived at Bronwydd House, St Mary’s St. Town Councillor. Mayor of Cardigan in 1908 and 1921. Member of Bethania.
William J. Williams (18.05.1864–14.02.1942)
Native of Manian Fawr, St Dogmael’s. Solicitor. Member of Cardigan Borough Council in 1891. Mayor in 1896. Liberal in politics. Member of Bethania Chapel. Lived at Penralltddu.
David Williams (1867–1955)
Lived at No. 6 Greenfield Row. In 1911 he was a carriage and motor works foreman. Secretary of Bethania Chapel for 52 years. Past President of the Cards. & Carms. Baptist Association; and treasurer of the Cards. Baptist Association. He was a former secretary of the Glanteify Lodge of Oddfellows. Founder member of Cardigan Lodge of Loyal Order of Moose. Town councillor for 26 years, and mayor in 1932–3.
He was buried at Blaenwaun, St Dogmaels.
Mary Wilson, Macclesfield, hawker, 25 year old inmate at Cardigan Gaol, 1871.
An extremely rare photograph of the inside of the gaol.
Andrew James Morgan (d. 21.10.1941, aged 23 yrs.)
Lived in 20 Eben’s Lane. Merchant Navy during WW2. Drowned on board the SS Treverbyn. His name is engraved on the town Cenotaph (below). Brother of Edwin, below.
Edwin Morgan (d.19.2.1978)
Lived at Maeshenffordd. Local Postman. Brother of the above Andrew.
Left: Willie Jeremiah (1919–2011)
Lived in Greenfield Row.
Right: Arthur Jones (1928–91)
Lived in Greenfield Row, later Maesglas.
Alfred W. R. Sulman (1895–1979) Native of Skeyton, Norfolk.
Lived at the Drawbridge and Maeshenffordd.
John Davies (Ossian Dyfed; 1852–1916)
John Davies (Ossian Dyfed) was born in Ossian House, Eben’s Lane in 1852, the son of Phoebe Davies who died in 1857 at the early age of 29 years. He began his career as a carpenter, then he worked as a printer and journalist on the Tivy-side. He began to compete in Bethsaida Eisteddfod in 1868, when he first used the name Ossian Dyfed. He won over 50 eisteddfodic prizes.
He left Cardigan to work on the Brecon Express, Y Darian and the Mellten (Merthyr Tudful). He returned to Cardigan and attended D. M. Palmer’s Academy before entering Brecon Memorial College in 1873. He was a minister with the Indpendents in Llanelli (Tabernacl), and during his ministry the membership increased to 400.
He moved to Swansea and membership increased from 60 to 230. He moved then to Tollington Park, London where the membership doubled within three years. He then moved to Richmond Hill, Bornemouth, and finally to Paddington, London, 1897–1903.
He married Elizabeth Davies, Llandeilo in 1881, and they had a son Sidney and a daughter Gwladys. His brother was the Revd. T. Eynon Davies.
He published two volumes of sermons: Old but [yet?] ever new, 1904 and The Dayspring from on High, 1907. Ossian Dyfed died on 24 September 1916 in Shortlands, Kent.
… and one other interesting fact: In 1911 the family was served by a servant maid by the name of Lisette Schmidt, from Germany.
Thomas Evans (Tel; 1861–1929)
You may have heard of Telynog but here is his nephew Tel. Born in Mwldan Upper in 1861. His father John (Telynog’s brother) was a bootmaker and precentor at Bethania (1864–76). Thomas moved to Aberdare in 1888. He was employed as a miner and underground fireman. He also was a fine poet and often competed at local eisteddfodau. His wife Ruth died in 1908. In 1909 he won his first chair in Llwynypia eisteddfod. He won the chair for ‘Angladd ar y Môr’ (Funeral on the Sea) in Cardigan’s Semi-National Eisteddfod of 1909, in front of a crowd of 8, 000. He won 10 bardic chairs. He was also a fine musician, as a choirmaster and he led many Singing Festival across Wales. Tel was also active in the mining community and played an important role on the local miners’ Sliding Scale Committee. He had 8 children, two of them Taliesin (ap Tel) and Ceridwen (Telferch) were also poets.
Maria Anne Jeremiah (1885–1949)
Lived at 15 Greenfield Row
Elizabeth Lowther (c.1833–c.1896)
Wife of Launcelot Lowther. Lived in St Mary’s St.
Frances Jeremiah (1914–30)
Lived in Greenfield Row
Rachel Griffiths (d. 1936, aged 47 yrs.)
Born at Feidrlas. Lived in 22 Eben’s Lane.
Margaret S. Gray (d.1983, aged 72 yrs).
Lived at Glenroy, Bridge St.
Arthur Clougher (1864–1932)
Newsagent, bookseller, and stationer at 18 High St. Town councillor, and mayor in 1901–02 and 1916–17. He lived at Brooklands, Pendre.
John Daniel (1861–1923)
House furnisher at 19 High St. Town councillor. Mayor 1904–05, 1914. Guardian of the Poor (c.1912).
Picton G. Davies (1885–1970)
Shop assistant at a local ironmonger. Precentor at Bethania Baptist chapel from 1916. From 1916 until 1920 he conducted and trained Cardigan Juvenile Choir, and won at many eisteddfodau; led the choir when it sang at the opening ceremony of Cardigan Memorial Hospital. He conducted singing festivals at Pontyates and Ponthenry, and was responsible for several radio (Caniadaeth y Cysegr) and tv broadcasts from Bethania.
Capt. James Ellis (1810–95).
1848 captain of the Eclair; 1851 captain of the Heather Bell. Retired in 1881. Lived at 9 Castle St in 1854.
Asa Johnes Evans (1810–88)
A solicitor who was the senior partner of the firm of Messrs. Asa and Ivor Evans, solicitors, Green Street. He was a town councillor, and chosen mayor in 1875 and 1876. A Liberal in politics, and a member of the Baptist cause, he had held several important offices, not the least being that of solicitor to the Baptist Association, which office he held for many years.
Cardigan People 2: one of a series to record the faces of people associated with Cardigan, with added notes for each individual where possible. The notes will change as more information comes to light (or corrections made), but the facts will remain. Contributions welcomed. If you have photographs in the attic I would be pleased to hear from you.
William Pritchard Adey (1915–1987)
Journalist on the Cardigan and Tivy-side Advertiser. Poet: he published Look to the Hills, 1982. Sec. of the horticultural section of the Cardigan and District Agricultural Show. Sec. of the Old Teifi Net Fishermen’s Defence Assoc. Lived in Church St, and later in Bron-y-dre.
Thomas F. Baldwin (1880–1935).
Evan Bowen (b. 1863)
A grocer (Bowen Brothers). He lived at the Elms, Priory St. Town councillor, and alderman by 1914. His wife died in 1904. Mayor in 1905, and his 5yr old daughter Gwyneth, the mayoress.
Gwyneth Bowen (b.14.07.1902)
Mayoress in 1905 to accompany her father Evan (see above).
Capt. John Bowen, master of the Ruth. (d. 24.06.1870, aged 59 yrs.)
His wife Margaret (1815–07.04.1892) and three daughters, Jane (1843– ), Hannah (1846– ) and Ann (1849– ) shown, and Mary lived in Greenfield Row. John is not mentioned in the Cardigan census after 1841 (away at sea?). Buried in Cardigan Cemetery.
Cardigan People 1: the first in a series to record the faces of people associated with Cardigan, with added notes for each individual where possible. The notes will change as more information comes to light (or corrections made), but the facts will remain. Contributions welcomed. If you have photographs in the attic I would be pleased to hear from you.
Was there a suffragette sympathiser living in Feidrfair in 1911? I have been compiling a list of names of people associated with Cardigan for some time (20,000+ and counting) and I have now reached the 1911 census. Under the entry for Palmyra, in St Mary’s Terrace (or Feidrfair), a house which still stands today, is the following:
Mary Catherine Jones, Servant, single, 32 years old, born in Caernarfon, Bilingual
She has written across the left side of the form: ‘mistress from home’.
At the same time (well, that evening) I happened to be reading a book I had borrowed from the mobile library: Diane Atkinson, Rise Up, Women! Bloomsbury, 2018. On page 249–50
The Women’s Freedom League and the Women’s Social and Political Union urged their members to refuse to supply their personal details to the Census Enumerators on the evening of 2 April 1911. Some forms were left empty, some women wrote in the column entitled ‘disabilities’ the word ‘unenfranchised’. Women were advised to spend the evening away from home to frustrate the Census. (Householders were obliged by law to complete the Census form, and made themselves liable to a fine of £5 or a month in prison if they refused.) Wealthy suffragettes opened their homes to Census resisters, and sympathetic heads of colleges filled their buildings with women who did not want to be at home. Some adventurous women hired gipsy caravans and spent the night out.
And again on page 307:
Mrs Winefrede ‘Win’ Rix evaded the 1911 Census with her husband’s support|: when he completed the form he gave only his details, omitting any reference to his wife, his daughter and their female servants.
Was the head of household at Palmyra, Feidrfair, a suffragette sympathiser or had she just gone away for a short break? Since her name is not given in the census it is not immediately clear who she was.
As it happens I have a copy of the Annual Report for Bethania Baptist Chapel for 1912 which lists members’ contributions and also those who passed away during the year.
Mynegiad Eglwys Bethania am y flwyddyn, 1912 Marwolaethau yn y flwyddyn 1912:
July 13 Margaret Jones, Palmyra 64 oed
Was she a local suffragette?
If there is someone out there who is familiar with suffragette history in Cardiganshire in the early 20th cent. please get in touch.
Thomas Evans (TELYNOG; 1839–1865)
Many years ago, despite walking passed this plaque several times a day I had little or no idea about Telynog or Ossian Dyfed. The plaque does not reveal very much about either. Not even their full names. Later I became aware that Telynog was listed amongst the ranks of the famous in the Dictionary of Welsh Biography. This is what I read here:
Born 8 September 1840 at Cardigan, son of Thomas Evans, boatmaker of that town. At the age of eleven he went to sea in a coastal vessel but, not liking this life, he ran away to Aberdare, where he worked as a miner in Cwm-bach. At an early age he started writing poetry, gaining his first success with a pryddest entitled ‘Gostyngeidd-rwydd’ in an eisteddfod held under the auspices of the Baptist chapel in Cwm-bach, where he was a member. He composed freely both in the free and the strict metres, gaining many successes at local eisteddfodau under the adjudication of poets of such eminence as Islwyn and Cynddelw. At the time of his premature death from consumption at the age of twenty-five he was regarded as one of the most promising poets of Wales. Among his best-known works are the lyrics ‘Blodeuyn bach wyf fi mewn gardd’ and ‘Yr Haf.’ The latter is included in Blodeugerdd by W. J. Gruffydd. A collected edition of his work arranged by his friend Dafydd Morganwg (D. W. Jones) with a biographical sketch by Hywel Williams was published in 1866. He died 29 April 1865 and was buried in the Aberdare cemetery.
His works and life story is included here: