Cardigan People 1

William Pritchard Adey (1915–1987)

Journalist on the Cardigan and Tivy-side Advertiser. Poet: he published Look to the Hills, 1982. Sec. of the horticultural section of the Cardigan and District Agricultural Show. Sec. of the Old Teifi Net Fishermen’s Defence Assoc. Lived in Church St, and later in Bron-y-dre.

Thomas F. Baldwin (1880–1935).

A native of Plymouth. Came to Cardigan c.1910. Ran a fancy goods shop in Empire House, Pendre. Scoutmaster of the 1st Cardigan St Mary’s Troop.

Evan Bowen (b. 1863)

A grocer (Bowen Brothers). He lived at the Elms, Priory St. Town councillor, and alderman by 1914. His wife died in 1904. Mayor in 1905, and his 5yr old daughter Gwyneth, the mayoress.

Gwyneth Bowen (b.14.07.1902)

Mayoress in 1905 to accompany her father Evan (see above).

Capt. John Bowen, master of the Ruth. (d. 24.06.1870, aged 59 yrs.)

His wife Margaret and three daughters, Jane, Hannah and Ann and Mary? (shown) lived in Greenfield Row. John is not mentioned in the Cardigan census after 1841 (away at sea?). Buried in Cardigan Cemetery.

Cardigan People 1: the first in a series to record the faces of people associated with Cardigan, with added notes for each individual where possible. The notes will change as more information comes to light (or corrections made), but the facts will remain. Contributions welcomed. If you have photographs in the attic I would be pleased to hear from you.

A Suffragette from Feidrfair?

Was there a suffragette sympathiser living in Feidrfair in 1911? I have been compiling a list of names of people associated with Cardigan for some time (20,000+ and counting) and I have now reached the 1911 census. Under the entry for Palmyra, in St Mary’s Terrace (or Feidrfair), a house which still stands today, is the following:

Mary Catherine Jones, Servant, single, 32 years old, born in Caernarfon, Bilingual

She has written across the left side of the form: ‘mistress from home’.

At the same time (well, that evening) I happened to be reading a book I had borrowed from the mobile library: Diane Atkinson, Rise Up, Women! Bloomsbury, 2018. On page 249–50

The Women’s Freedom League and the Women’s Social and Political Union urged their members to refuse to supply their personal details to the Census Enumerators on the evening of 2 April 1911. Some forms were left empty, some women wrote in the column entitled ‘disabilities’ the word ‘unenfranchised’. Women were advised to spend the evening away from home to frustrate the Census. (Householders were obliged by law to complete the Census form, and made themselves liable to a fine of £5 or a month in prison if they refused.) Wealthy suffragettes opened their homes to Census resisters, and sympathetic heads of colleges filled their buildings with women who did not want to be at home. Some adventurous women hired gipsy caravans and spent the night out.

And again on page 307:

Mrs Winefrede ‘Win’ Rix  evaded the 1911 Census with her husband’s support|: when he completed the form he gave only his details, omitting any reference to his wife, his daughter and their female servants.

Was the head of household at Palmyra, Feidrfair, a suffragette sympathiser or had she just gone away for a short break? Since her name is not given in the census it is not immediately clear who she was.

As it happens I have a copy of the Annual Report for Bethania Baptist Chapel for 1912 which lists members’ contributions and also those who passed away during the year.

Mynegiad Eglwys Bethania am y flwyddyn, 1912 Marwolaethau yn y flwyddyn 1912:

July 13 Margaret Jones, Palmyra 64 oed

Was she a local suffragette?

If there is someone out there who is familiar with suffragette history in Cardiganshire in the early 20th cent. please get in touch.

Who was Telynog?

Thomas Evans (TELYNOG; 1839–1865)

The plaque on the corner of Eben’s Lane

Many years ago, despite walking passed this plaque several times a day I had little or no idea about Telynog or Ossian Dyfed. The plaque does not reveal very much about either. Not even their full names. Later I became aware that Telynog was listed amongst the ranks of the famous in the Dictionary of Welsh Biography. This is what I read here:

Born 8 September 1840 at Cardigan, son of Thomas Evans, boatmaker of that town. At the age of eleven he went to sea in a coastal vessel but, not liking this life, he ran away to Aberdare, where he worked as a miner in Cwm-bach. At an early age he started writing poetry, gaining his first success with a pryddest entitled ‘Gostyngeidd-rwydd’ in an eisteddfod held under the auspices of the Baptist chapel in Cwm-bach, where he was a member. He composed freely both in the free and the strict metres, gaining many successes at local eisteddfodau under the adjudication of poets of such eminence as Islwyn and Cynddelw. At the time of his premature death from consumption at the age of twenty-five he was regarded as one of the most promising poets of Wales. Among his best-known works are the lyrics ‘Blodeuyn bach wyf fi mewn gardd’ and ‘Yr Haf.’ The latter is included in Blodeugerdd by W. J. Gruffydd. A collected edition of his work arranged by his friend Dafydd Morganwg (D. W. Jones) with a biographical sketch by Hywel Williams was published in 1866. He died 29 April 1865 and was buried in the Aberdare cemetery.

His works and life story is included here: