Cardigan and the sea 1

According to Dr J. Geraint Jenkins in his book Maritime Heritage: the ships and seamen of Southern Ceredigion, Gomer, 1982:

p. 111 The port of Cardigan and, to a lesser extent, the riverside village of St. Dogmaels, developed into a very important shipbuilding centre and flourished tremendously, particularly during the first half of the nineteenth century. The following entries in nineteenth century Directories [below] indicate how important the industry was in Cardigan:

But an examination of the names listed in the census returns throughout the nineteenth century reveals further connections and thus gives a more accurate picture of the numbers involved in the shipbuilding and associated industries in Cardigan’s past.

Here are the entries quoted by Dr. Jenkins from nineteenth century Trade Directories:

Pigot’s Directory 1830

  • Shipwrights: John Jones, St. Mary St; Evan Jones, Mwldan
  • Blockmakers: William Phillips, Mwldan; Rees Rees, Mwldan
  • Sailmakers: David Davies, Bridge St.; John Edwards, Bridgend; Jonathan Jones, High St.
  • Anchor & Ships Smith: John Davies, Eben’s Lane

Pigot’s Directory 1835

  • Shipwrights: John Evans, St. Dogmaels; James Jones, Mwldan; Evan Morgan, Mwldan
  • Blockmakers: David Evans, St Dogmaels; Eli Griffith, St. Dogmaels; William Phillips, Mwldan; Rees Rees, Mwldan
  • Ropemakers: David Davies, Bridge St.; William Humphreys, near Turnpike; Jones & co. Pendre
  • Sailmakers: Thomas Edwards, Mwldan; Jonathan Jones, High St.

Anchor & Ships Smith: John Davies, Eben’s Lane

Pigot’s Directory 1844

  • Shipwrights: John Evans, St. Dogmaels; David Griffiths, Netpool; James James, Mwldan; William Jones, Netpool; David Owen, Netpool; John Williams, Netpool
  • Blockmakers: David Evans, St. Dogmaels; Eli Griffiths, St. Dogmaels; William Phillips, Mwldan; Edward Williams, Mwldan
  • Ropemakers: David Davies, Bridgend; Thomas Edwards, Bridgend; William Humphreys, Catherine Row; Thomas Jones, Quay St.
  • Sailmakers: David Davies, Bridgend; James Edwards, Bridgend; Thomas Edwards, Bridgend; Lewis Jones, Mwldan

 Slater’s Directory 1859

  • Shipwrights: John Evans, St. Dogmaels; Samuel Jones Evans, Mwldan; David Griffiths, Netpool; William Jones, Netpool; David Owen, Netpool; Thomas Tucker, St Dogmaels; John Williams, Greenfield Row
  • Anchor & chain cable manufacturers: David Davies, Bridgend; John Davies, Strand
  • Blockmakers: Rees Rees, Quay St.; David Rowlands, Bridge St.; Edward Williams, Mwldan
  • Ropemakers: David Davies, Bridgend; Thomas Edwards, Bridgend; Benjamin Humphreys, Pendre
  • Sailmakers: David Davies, Bridgend; Thomas Edwards, Bridgend; Benjamin Humphreys, Pendre

Kelly’s Directory 1871

  • Shipwrights: John Williams, Netpool; David Griffiths, Netpool
  • Mast & blockmakers: David Rowlands, Quay
  • Ropemakers: Benjamin & John Evans, Pendre
  • Sailmaker: Lewis Evans, Mwldan

Worrall’s Directory 1875

  • Shipwrights: Thomas Evans, St. Dogmaels; David Griffiths, Netpool; John Williams, Netpool
  • Block, Mast & Spar makers: David Rowlands, Quay St.; Edward Williams, Netpool
  • Ropemakers: David Griffith Davies, Bridgend; Thomas Edwards, Bridgend; Benjamin Evan, Pendre
  • Sailmakers: Thomas Edwards, Bridgend; John Lewis, High St.

Slaters’ Directory 1880

  • Shipwrights: Thomas Evans, St. Dogmaels; Thomas Tucjer, St. Dogmaels; John Williams, Greenfields; David Griffiths, Netpool
  • Ropemakers: John & Benjamin Evans, Pendre
  • Sailmakers: John Lewis, Eben’s Lane; Henry Thomas, Mwldan

Kelly’s Directory 1884

  • Ropemakers: Cardigan Mercantile Co. Ltd., (Ship chandlers, rope makers and merchants); Benjamin & John Evans

Below are the entries listed in census returns for 1841–1901. Remember also that the census happened every ten years. Many people could have been and gone between each census. It also contains names of those identified in the burial records of the Church and town cemeteries. Names are in chronological order, alphabetical order, ages given and address. The list appears under the following headings:

Anchor and Ships Smith; Blockmakers; Ropemakers; Sailmakers; Shipbuilders; Ship’s Carpenters; Shipwrights; Shipwrights J

ANCHOR & SHIPS SMITH: From the information given [smith] it is not clear how many of the following were “ships” smith.

1841

  • John James, 30, smith, Greenfield Sq
  • John Jones, 30, smith, Quay St
  • Henry Thomas, Henry, 14, apprentice, Quay St.

1851 John Griffiths, 17, smith, Lower Mwldan

1871 Evan Jenkins, 27, smith, St Mary’s Lane

1881

  • David James, 38, Cardigan, smith, Strand
  • William James, 24, Cardigan, smith, Strand
  • John D. James, who died 11.5.1878, 58, Bridge Parade
  • David James, who died 5.5.1893, 49, Strand
  • John James, 11.7.1893, 81, Strand

BLOCKMAKERS

1830

  • William Phillips, Mwldan
  • Rees Rees, Mwldan/Stryd y Cei/Lower Mwldan until 1861, 74 oed

1835 William Phillips, Mwldan

1841

  • Michael Garnal, High St Red Cow
  • Edward Williams, 30, Lower Mwldan until 1871 [Ned y Bloc}

1851

  • John Davies, John, 16, Pendre
  • David Rowlands, 36, St Mary’s Lane until 1871

1861 William Garnon, 19, St Mary’s Lane

1871 William Rowlands, 29, Pwllhai. He died 17.08.1879 at 37 years. Buried in the town cemetery.

Ropemakers

1830 Evan Griffiths, Pendre

1835 David Davies, Bridge St.

1841

  • Thomas Jones, 25
  • John Thomas, 55, Greenfield Row
  • John Thomas, 20, Greenfield Row
  • William Thomas, 25, Quay St

1851

  • John Davies, 50, Strand
  • John Evans, 18, Walkfach
  • Evan Griffiths, 1851, Walkfach, who died on 13.10. 1853
  • William Havard, 34, Lower Mwldan
  • William Humphreys, 52, Catherine Row
  • Henry Jones, 32, Bridge St
  • Thomas Jones, 39, Pendre
  • David Lloyd, 71, Black Lion Lane
  • John Thomas, 67, Walkfach
  • John Thomas, 35, Walkfach
  • John Thomas, 13, Walkfach
  • William Thomas, 41 years died 20.09.1852
  • Henry Harries, 67 years died 01.12.1854, Bridgend
  • Mary Lewis, 60, ropemaker’s widow, Lime Kilns; Quay House

 1861

  • Benjamin Evans (1842–12.15.1897), 55 years old, Pendre
  • John Evans, (1861–4.1.1904), 65 years old
  • Benjamin Humphreys, 24, Catherine Row
  • John Thomas, 12, St Mary’s Lane
  • Thomas Thomas, 18, St Mary’s Lane
  • William Thomas, 16, UpperMwldan
  • Hannah Thomas, 45, ropemaker’s widow, Upper Mwldan

 1871

  • John Jones, 60
  • Evan Jenkins, 20, Castle Court
  • David Jones, 14, Greenfield Sq
  • James Lewis, 14, St Mary’s Lane

1901 John James, 16, apprentice, Middle Mwldan

 SAILMAKERS

Evan Thomas who died on 28.11.1828, 77 years

1835 Thomas Edwards, jr. Bridge St.

James Edwards who died on 1.08.1839 94, years Bridge End

1841

  • John Griffiths, 40, Lower Mwldan. He died on 2.05.1855, 59 years
  • David Thomas, 50, Lower Mwldan
  • Jonathan Jones, who died on 1.12.1843, 57 years

1851

  • John Bowen, 16, Quay St.
  • William Edwards, 43, Pendre
  • John Griffiths, 54, Quay St.
  • John Ferrier Mathias, 1851, 19, apprentice, St Mary St
  • David Miles, 26, Greenfield Row/Netpool until 1871, 48 yrs
  • Harry Thomas, 18, apprentice, St Mary’s Lane

1861

  • Lewis Jones, 31, High St
  • Henry Thomas, 28, William St. He died on 12.08.1881 at 49 years
  • Jane Thomas, 18, Pontycleifion
  • Thomas Thomas, 23, Cardigan Arms
  • James Wigley, 17, apprentice, St Mary’s Lane

1871

  • William Jenkins, 18, Priory St.
  • James Lewis, 24, St Mary’s Lane
  • Thomas Jones, 16, sailmaker apprentice, Pendre

1881

  • John Bowen, 44, Quay St.
  • James Wigley, 35, Arthur’s Quay
  • Thomas Harris, 68, Pwllhai
  • Eleanor Miles, 44, wife, Green St.

Shipbuilders

  • Evan Morgan, 1830 until 1835, ship & boatbuilder, Mwldan
  • James James, 1835, ship & boat builder, Mwldan

William Jones, 1841 until 1861, 30, ship builder, Netpool, 48 yr

 1851

  • David Owen, 38, Pendre
  • David Thomas, 28, Walkfach
  • Samuel Jones Evans, 1858, ship & boat builder

 1861

  • David Owen, 46, Pendre

 1871

  • John Williams, 36, Greenfield Row
  • John Williams, 64, Greenfield Sq
  • David Owen, 57, retired, Eben’s Lane

1881 John Williams, 52, unempl, Greenfield Sq

  • John Elias James, 1924.10.03, 68, shipping agent, St Mary’s Tce Devonia,

Ship’s Carpenter

1851

  • John Davies, 1851, 61, Pendre
  • Joseph Rees, 1851–61, 47, High St 14
  • David Jones, 17, apprentice, Pwllhai,
  • Evan Williams, 28, Pontycleifion
  • John Williams, 45, Greenfield Sq

1861

  • John Bowen, 16, apprentice, Bridge St,
  • John Davies, 48, Greenfield Sq
  • William Evans, 38, St Mary’s Lane
  • Daniel Harris, 50, Upper Mwldan
  • William Jones, 58, Pwllhai
  • Richard Morgan, 22, Green St Half Moon
  • David Thomas, 38, Upper Mwldan
  • John Thomas, 18, Upper Mwldan

1871

  • John Augustus, 1871–1901, 32, Eben’s Lane
  • Daniel Davies, 38, Chancery Lane Swan
  • Daniel Davies, 22, unempl, Greenfield Sq
  • Thomas Griffiths, 27, Greenfield Sq
  • David Jones, 37, Netpool
  • James Williams, 32, Drawbridge
  • James Williams, 22, Lower Mwldan

 David Evans, who died on 11.9.1880, 41, Catherine Row

1881

  • Daniel Davies, 32
  • John Davies, 42, Netpool Cott
  • Owen Davies, 36, Bridge Parade
  • David Jones, 47, Netpool
  • John Jones, 18, Netpool
  • Thomas Jones, 21, Netpool
  • David Thomas, 40, Upper Mwldan
  • Evan Tucker, 1881–91, 57, William St

 1891

  • David Bowen, 1891/1901, 50, Greenfield Sq
  • Thomas Harries, 60, St Mary’s Lane
  • Sophia Jenkins, 22, ship carpenter’s wife, Upper Mwldan

1895 Thomas Jones, Queen’s Tce

1901

  • Daniel Davies, 1901, 52, Queen’s Tce
  • David Jones, 1901, 68, Greenfield Sq

SHIPWRIGHTS

  • Catherine Davies, wife of Owen, died 26.4.1818, 75 years old
  • David Morgan, 27.10.1818, 72 years old
  • Margaret Evans, wife of Samuel J., died 6.2.1826, 90 years old

 1841

  • Thomas Evans, 1841, 40, /1851, Netpool
  • Owen James, 20, Quay St
  • Thomas Richards, 40, Upper Mwldan
  • John Williams, 35, Greenfield Sq.
  • Thomas Young, 20, Quay St

 1851

  • William Davies, 29, Catherine Row
  • Thomas Harries, 52, St Mary’s Lane
  • Thomas Isaac, 68, Lime kilns
  • David Jones, 65, Greenfield Sq.
  • Thomas Phillips, 19, Quay St.
  • David Jones, who died on 24.2.1853 at 31 years old
  • John Griffiths, who died on 4.12.1854, 77 years old

 1861

  • David Bowen, 20, Greenfield Sq
  • Owen Davies, 16, apprentice, Greenfield Sq
  • Thomas Griffiths, 19, Greenfield Sq
  • David Jones, 27, Greenfield Sq
  • Thomas Phillips, 29, Bridge St
  • Theophilus Rees, 29, Lower Mwldan
  • David Williams, 15, Greenfield Sq
  • John Williams, 26, Greenfield Row
  • John Williams, 55, Greenfield Sq
  • John Stephens, who died in 1867, 45, in Cuba

 1871

  • William Evans, 48, St Mary’s Lane
  • David Griffiths, 49, Pendre
  • Griffith Griffiths, 23, Pendre
  • John Griffiths 25, Pendre
  • Daniel Harries, 54, Upper Mwldan
  • Thomas Harries, 73, St Mary’s Lane
  • William Jones, 68, Pwllhai
  • David, Thomas, 48, Upper Mwldan
  • David Williams, 26, Greenfield Sq
  • David Williams, 75, Greenfield Sq
  • George Williams, 45, Quay St
  • William Jones, who died on 1.06,1878, at 76 years

 1881

  • John Davies, 96, Pendre
  • William Evans, 59, St Mary’s Lane
  • John Griffiths, 35, William’s Row
  • Thomas Griffiths, 37, St Mary’s Cottage

 1891

  • Owen Davies, 46, Greenfield Sq /1901
  • David Jones, 57, Greenfield Sq
  • David Thomas, 67, Mwldan Upper
  • John Davies, who died on 5.07.1904, 66, St Mary St
  • David Jones, who died on 8.02.1913, 76, Greenfield Sq
  • John Jones, who died on 15.02.1923, 59, Drawbridge

SHIPWRIGHT J

1841

  • David Davies, 45, shipwright J, Upper Mwldan
  • David Griffiths, 45, shipwright J, Lower Mwldan
  • David J. Griffiths,15, shipwright j, Quay St,
  • John Griffiths, 60, shipwright J, Lower Mwldan
  • James James, 50, shipwright rtd, Quay St,
  • David Jenkins, 60, shipwright j, Quay St,
  • David Jones, 15, shipwright J, Greenfield Row
  • David Jones, 25, shipwright J, Lower Mwldan
  • Thomas Jones, 20, shipwright J, Lower Mwldan
  • Benjamin Joseph, 20, shipwright J, Upper Mwldan
  • Peter Lewis, 45, shipwright J, Greenfield Sq
  • James Thomas, 35, shipwright J, Greenfield Sq
  • William Thomas, 50, shipwright J, Quay St,
  • John Davies, 1871, 83, shipwright rtd, Pendre
  • David Griffiths, 1881, 59, shipwright mm, Pendre

 David James, who died on 20.06.1922, 82, shipwright rtd, Feidrfair

SHIPWRIGHT’S APPRENTICES

1841

  • Evan Jones, 20, Greenfield Row
  • James Jones, 15, Greenfield Row
  • Owen Jones, 15, Lower Mwldan
  • Benjamin Lewis, 15, Lower Mwldan
  • David Thomas, 15, Greenfield Row
  • Owen Thomas, 18, Quay St

1851

  • Ann Davies, 39, shipwright’s wife, Greenfield Sq
  • Mary Jones, 26, Cardigan, shipwright’s wife, St Mary’s Lane

1861

  • Hannah Jones, 42, shipwright’s wife, St Mary’s Lane
  • Charlotte Griffiths, 67, shipwright’s widow, Upper Mwldan
  • Frances Phillips, 1861, 75, shipwright’s widow, Lower Mwldan
  • John Griffiths, 15, shipwright’s apprentice, Pendre

1871

  • Anne Davies, 61, shipwright’s wi, Greenfield Sq
  • Joseph Rees, 67, shipwriter rtd, Eben’s Lane

 

27 July (1885) Monthly Markets at Pensarnau began.

  • 27 1885 (Mon.) Monthly Markets at Pensarnau began. Posters and handbills circulated by N. W. Mitchell, Town Clerk.  When the railway arrived in 1886 an attempt was made to advertise the marts:

Here is Ysgawenydd, the local poet:

 The markets of late have suffered in town

Thro’ the want of conveyance close to the ground

Now the train is convenient and not far away

To carry the stock away the same day.

Good number of hurdles are here to keep,

Some for the cattle and some for the sheep.

And stables close by, and stalls all complete,

And corn, if required, or good hay to eat.

25 July (1964) Freddie Starr & Midnighters at the Black.

  • 25 1964 (Sat.) Freddie Starr & Midnighters appear at the Black Lion.
  • 25 1901 (Thurs.) T. M. Daniel commenced a motor car service to NCE in direct competition to the coach. A second car was introduced on 30 July. ‘It looks as if the scheme will be a permanent one’ said the Tivy-side.
  • 25 1876 (Tues.) Brickworks workers annual treat to Gwbert.

17 July (1919) Price of coal to rise. Time for a protest!

Price of coal to rise!

Price of coal to rise!

  • 17 1919 (Sat.)  Price of coal will rise to 6/- a ton. Time for a protest.
  • 17 1885 (Fri. ) John Price convicted at Cardigan Assizes and sentenced by Mr Justice Denham. Charged with murdering his wife by shooting her during a quarrel. On the night of the murder the prisoner had attempted to take his own life.

12 July (1888) A medal for William Niles

  • 12 1900 (Thurs.) Burial of John Turner Mathias, Feidrfair, 43, Boot & Shoe Dealer
  • 12 1888 (Thurs.) Silver medal awarded to William Niles, coxswain of lifeboat for 29 years who saved 85 lives.
  • 12 1853 (Tues.) Death of Isaac Thomas (1820–53), publisher of Almanac y Cymro. It was printed by D.Leary & Co., Dublin to avoid printing tax. He was buried at the Baptist Chapel, Penybryn.

3 July (1927) Going, going…

 

The Brickworks chimney

The Brickworks chimney

  • 3 1927 (Sun.) Brickworks Chimney felled. It was due to be felled on the previous Saturday night but attempts were unsuccessful. It was brought down on the Sunday morning (!). Built in 1874 under the supervision of Mr William Woodward JP. The Brickworks were very successful for many years but the end came in the 1920s.

1 June (1295) Edward I’s visit to Cardigan Castle

  • 1 1921 Town Council decided to tar-spray the main streets of the town for the first time.
  • 1 1866 (Fri.) First issue of the Cardigan and Tivy-side. Happy 147th birthday!

Its first editorial declared: ‘We intend making ‘all mankind our business’ – our native land particularly so; and our native town we shall consider under our peculiar care. Its interests, whether generally as a part of the body politic or locally, shall have our special advocacy; and whatever is calculated to advance its trade, to raise its political position, or to add to the social comforts of its inhabitants, shall have our hearty assistance’.

  • 1 1295 Visit of Edward I to Cardigan Castle. He stayed for 2 nights only. [Nothing much on in the Pav perhaps?]

14 April (1879) 100,000 bricks for the dockyard at Pembroke Dock

  • 14 1879 (Mon) CARDIGAN BRICK, TILE & POTTERY WORKS are glad to be able to announce that Messrs. Miles, Woodward and Co. have again secured the contract for the supply of Her Majesty’s Dock-yard at Pembroke for the ensuing year, and have already received an order for 100,000 bricks which has to be completed forthwith. The contract in-cludes the supply of all pipes and pottery required in the dockyard during the year.

30 March (1985) The day Cardigan’s bookies were in tears!

  • 30 1985 (Sat.) Hywel Davies’s big day winning the Grand National on Last Suspect at 50-1

History of the 1985 Grand National

Story of Last Suspect

1985 Grand National

  • 30 1908 (Mon.) Freemasons formed at Black Lion. Earliest members included William Woodward, David Davies solicitor, Llewelyn Davies, schoolmaster, D. Lloyd Jones, bank manager, G. W. Potter, Dr George E. Jones, Jenkin Jones, H. Nicholson, and M. L. Jones.
  • 30 1970 (Mon.) Tudor James, 7 Priory St., takes over newspaper round from J. C. Roberts, High St.

 

29 March (1987) Reopening of Tabernacl; (1877) Launching of Cardigan’s last ship

Programme for the Reopening ceremony, 1987

Programme for the Reopening ceremony, 1987

  • 29 1987 (Sun.) Reopening of Tabernacle – rebuilt 1776, 1807, 1832; refurbished 1864, 1902 and 1986.
  • 29 1885 (Sun.) Jane Thomas prop. of the Tivy-side. Buried in St Mary’s Cemetery, Thurs 2 April.
  • 29 1877 (Thurs.) Launching of the MARGARET & ANN (Y Llong Lestri). Last ship built at Cardigan. The owners were Capt. Evan Parry, Tresaith and Owen Jones, merchant, Llangrannog. It was built by Messrs. John Williams and son. 28 tns. (lost off St Anne’s Head 1919).

1 March (1963) Dick Richardson, the boxer visits the Cliff Hotel

  • 1 1983 (Tues.) Robin Morris-Jones starts his job as Town Clerk.
  • 1 1963 (Fri.) Visitor Dick Richardson, heavyweight boxer guest of Cardigan branch British Legion at Cliff Hotel.
  • 1 1880 (Mon.) Dr. John Thomas, age 49 was the first to be buried in the new cemetery.
  • 1 1879 (Sat.) Masons went on strike. The walls were cracking as soon as they were built. The trouble stemmed from the fact that the bricks and copings were not sufficiently burnt at the Brickworks.